Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a dental specialty that focuses on the surgical treatment of diseases/injuries/defects in the oral (mouth) and maxillofacial (jaws and face) region.
Corrective jaw surgery involves the surgical repositioning of the upper and lower jaws, and chin to correct skeletal and dental irregularities that cause problems such as:
While orthodontics can usually correct abnormal bites when only the teeth are misaligned, corrective jaw surgery may be needed to correct misalignment jaws. Such a correction can improve biting, chewing, speaking, and breathing actions.
TMJ is a small joint located in front of the ear where the skull and lower jaw meet. It allows the lower jaw to move and function. If you experience jaw pain, earaches, headaches, a limited ability to open or close your mouth, clicking or grating sounds, you may have Temporo mandibular Disorder (TMD). TMJ treatment may range from conservative dental and medical care to complex surgery. If non-surgical treatment is unsuccessful or there is clear joint damage, surgery may be indicated, which can involve either arthroscopy or repair of damaged tissue by a direct surgical approach.
Facial trauma can occur for reasons such as motor vehicle accidents, sports injuries, humans-on-humans violence, etc. The treatment of facial injuries requires the involvement of multiple specialists, including oral and maxillofacial specialists, who are well versed in emergency care, and long-term rehabilitation.
Dr. Sriprakash will arrange for such a team to provide the best possible treatment for facial injuries such as facial lacerations, knocked out teeth, fractured facial bones (cheek, nose, or eye socket), and fractured jaws (upper and lower jaw):
A tooth is said to be “impacted” when its normal eruption through the gum line is blocked by another tooth, by dense bone or by gum tissue or by any combination thereof. Impacted teeth get trapped between the jawbone and the gum tissue which:
Hence, it is best to remove impacted teeth. It is not just wisdom teeth (third molars) that can get impacted. The upper eyetooth (maxillary cuspid) is the second most common tooth to become impacted.
If you notice white or red patches, an abnormal lump, chronic sore throat or hoarseness, or difficulty chewing or swallowing, you should get a clinical examination done for your mouth. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to identify abnormal growths through such examinations and can remove a section of tissue to perform a biopsy and diagnose the problem.
Dental implants are used to replace lost teeth and they look, feel, and function like natural teeth. Learn more